UD Studio 1 2007

Master of Science in Architecture and Urban Design, Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation, Urban Design Studio,Summer 2007

Thursday, June 21, 2007

2.2 Unbound Sites

To support an operational understanding of urban sites, your research into spatial, temporal and social dynamics should help you: 1) conceptualize an urban site as an area of dynamic effect and influence and 2) define its “site-specificity” in relational terms.

In order to that effectively, you - in your groups - should be producing comprehensive urban logic diagrams that allow you to test and demonstrate your understanding.

To assist you in this process we are posting several examples of urban logic diagrams from last year. Please note the range of information and methods of representation shown in these samples. You should also note the volume of work that these groups produced.

As a critical reader of these samples, you should note there could be more sectional material on these boards, and more introductory diagrams.

We also encourage you to refer to Constellations which is full of other examples.

Hunt's Point - Site Dynamics

Note the integration of models, plans, sections, analytical diagrams and photographs on this board:

Newtown Creek - Site Dynamics (5 of 9)

Note how photographs are being used to describe general conditions, interprete the plan, and key sections.

(Group B - Dynelle Volesky Long, Ziyu Zhuang, Jong Bin Oh, Phyllis Leung, and Mike Bello)

Red Hook - Site Dynamics (1 of 8)

Note the effort to intregrate chart based data

Amparo Casani, Shan Chen, Anas Alomaim, Melissa Williams, Sunny Patel

Secaucus - Site Dynamics (14 of 14)

Po-Tsung Cheng, Skye Duncan, Christopher Reynolds, Eleni Serafimidou-Serafimidou, Kathy Vilnrotter

Red Hook - Site Dynamics

Note the graphical quality of the page.

Anas Alomaim Amparo Casani Shan Chen Suny Patel Melissa Williams

Newtown Creek - Site Dynamics (10 of 10)

Note the range of exploration.

Contributors: Marissa Gregory, Kin Ling Leung, Jessica Reyes, Shriram Surendhranath, Fan Yang

Wednesday, June 20, 2007

Site Diagram Precedents – Making complex Interactions visible with Graphic Delineation

Brooklyn Pigeon Project, 2003-2004 Terraswarm
see Else/Where: Mapping, Abrams & Hall

This diagram maps processes, systems, photographs and space plans to reveal how otherwise invisible environmental influences (wind direction, magnetic field, flight paths) and visible influences (line of sight, landmarks) effect pigeon travel.


Site Diagram Precedents – Interacting Forces & Systems through Schedule & Mapping Techniques

Napoleon’s March, 1857, Charles Joseph Minard,
see The Visual Display of Quantitative Information, Tuftee

In this diagram Minnard works several competing registers: distance and geography (in the colored paths), volume of soldiers (in the width of the path), temperature and time (keyed to the black band of returning soldiers) to display the forces – weather, battles, river fordings – that converged in this tragic military campaign.

Site Diagram Precedents – Agents & Perceptions through System Mapping

Mental Health Services, Robert Horn,
see Else/Where: Mapping, Abrams & Hall

In this “map” Robert Horn identifies the various forces that participate in the delivery of mental health services in Multonah County, Oregon. By “cartooning” the map highlights specific service relationships, and uses color to highlight the problems internal to each.


Site Diagram Precedents – System behavior and components through Schedules and Mappings

Java Train Schedule, 1937
see Envisioning Information

As with the Minard diagram, this train schedule combines geography, train routes and schedules, and station types. By conflating scales of information this diagram describes the Javanese rail system in great detail.

Site Diagram Precedents – Forces, Perceptions and History through Graphic Delineation and Mapping

Forbidden Roads Regime, 2004, B’Tselem
see Else/Where: Mapping

This diagram combines GIS settlement data, demographic information about settlements, roadways and regulation to reveal the way that road usage is limited in the West Bank to divide Palestinian settlements.


Site Diagram Precedents –

More than site plans and system mappings, site diagrams establish how relationships between various extensive urban systems shape and effect particular places, and unbound sites by linking them to distant locations, political agendas and economic networks.

Of course, all of the examples listed here are incomplete.

Other Resources
Princeton University: International Networks Archive

Laura Kurgan Studio and Million Dollar Blocks Studio on GSAPP website.


Monday, June 18, 2007

Lecture: June 20

LOCAL Practices, URBAN Programs
Charlie Cannon, Adjunct Assistant Professor
GSAPP, Columbia University
LOCAL Architecture Research and Design

July 20, 12:30 -1:30 Avery Hall, Room 114

symposium references

For Marpillero Pollak Architects, see the attached:
Matrix Landscape.

Thursday, June 14, 2007

Robert Lane

Robert Lane is an urban designer and Director of the Design Program at the Regional Plan Association. The RPA is an independent, not-for-profit regional planning organization. Since 1922, the organization has studied the 31-county New York-New Jersey-Connecticut region, especially its transportation and open space networks, in order to improve quality of life and economic competitiveness. In 1929, the RPA published its landmark Regional Plan of New York and its Environs. In 1968, the Second Regional Plan focused on the deteriorated mass transit system, preserving threatened natural resources and revitalizing our urban centers. In 1996, the Third Regional Plan was published, and today the RPA's current work continues to be aimed largely at implementing the ideas put forth in the Third Plan, with efforts focused in five project areas: community design, open space, transportation, workforce and the economy, and housing.

As an urban designer at RPA, Lane is currently working on a Comprehensive Master Plan for Stamford, Connecticut and a Transit-Friendly Communities plan for New Jersey. His other projects have included the Hastings-on-Hudson Waterfront Plan and the East Harlem 2nd Avenue Subway Community Visioning Workshop. Two of his research projects-- one on industrial redevelopment strategies in American cities and the other on the urban design issues associated with "superstore" development in New York's manufacturing districts-- have been funded by the National Endowment for the Arts and the New York State Council on the Arts, exhibited at the Municipal Art Society, and published in PLACES and HARVARD ARCHITECTURE REVIEW. Before coming to RPA, Lane was an Associate at Kohn Pedersen Fox Architects. Trained first as an architect, he received his Bachelor of Arts from Cornell University and a Master of Architecture from Columbia University.

Robert Lane's essay "The Supercontext for Urban Design: Implications and Representations," in CONSTELLATIONS: CONSTRUCTING URBAN DESIGN PRACTICES (2007), is required reading for this course.

See www.rpa.org and www.rpa.org/aboutrpa/staff/roblane.html
See also www.rpa.org/pdf/RPAMoynihanStation.pdf

Alex Washburn

In Janary 2007, Alex Washburn became the first Director of Urban Design of the New York City Department of City Planning. In this position Washburn will lead a team of urban designers in working on large-scale planning and development initiatives, as well as advising on key urban design and public open space issues citywide. At the time of his appointment, City Planning Director Amanda Burden stated that following from "Mayor Bloomberg's keen interest in design excellence, Alex's oversight will be of critical importance as we examine major initiatives citywide, including Coney Island, Moynihan Station, Queens West South and the Eastern and Western Rail Yards on Manhattan's West Side." Washburn has intimate knowledge of the second of these major projects, Moynihan Station, which is transforming the Eighth Avenue post office into one of the city's most important new transit hubs. From 1996 to 2000, he was founding president of the Moynihan [Pennsylvania] Station Redevelopment Project. During this time he served as Environment and Public Works Advisor the late Senator Patrick Moynihan, whom among U.S. senators was most interested in cities and the built environment. Taking a cue from Moynihan, members of the Bloomberg administration have said that "good design is essential for the city to compete globally with such cities as Shanghai and Dubai," and that design success "will be judged on what it feels like to live in and walk around the city." Speaking of the role of urban design, Washburn observed that to "make sure New York doesn't become dull, but has the greatest streetscape with the greatest variety and the greatest texture," it is necessary to "calibrate everything very finely. Every time you change something in the city, you affect another constituency." (NY Sun, 3/29/07).

As an architect, Washburn was a partner in W (now Archipelago) Architecture and Landscape Architecture with Barbara Wilks. Archipelago earned four national design awards in its first five years of practice. Ongoing design projects include the West Harlem Waterfront Park and Williamsburg's "The Edge" Waterfront Park in New York City. Also an educator, Washburn has taught the Design of Infrastructure at Princeton University and NYU's Center for Advanced Digital Applications.

See www.nyc.gov/dcp and www.archipelagoarch.com
See also www.rpa.org/pdf/RPAMoynihanStation.pdf

Kate Ascher

Kate Ascher is an expert on city infrastructure, public policy, and finance, and author of THE WORKS: ANATOMY OF A CITY (2005), which is required reading in this course.

Following her studies in Government at the London School of Economics, where she received a Masters and Doctorate degrees in Government, Ascher served as Director of Project Finance for Coopers & Lybrand Corporate Finance in London, prior to its merger with Price Waterhouse. In that capacity she privatized a number of state-run transportation entities in Europe, structured financings for international infrastructure projects, and did extensive advisory work for the World Bank and other international financial institutions. From there she served as Deputy Director of the Port Department at the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey, where she was involved with numerous transportation projects in the maritime and broader freight industries. As Executive Vice-President for Infrastructure at the Economic Development Corporation, a non-profit corporation serving New York City, she oversaw city policy in areas including energy, telecommunications policy, and marine and air transportation. In this capacity, Kate and her staff oversaw cruise activities in Manhattan and Brooklyn, worked with the Department of Sanitation on the City’s Solid Waste Management Plan, and managed aviation issues for the City. She is currently Director of Public Sector Development at Vornado Realty Trust in Manhattan. In addition to THE WORKS, Ascher is the author of books and articles on a variety of public policy subjects and the producer of a PBS documentary about the maritime industry.

See www.nycedc.com and www.vno.com
See also www.gothamgazette.com/article//20060213/202/1755

Marpillero Pollak Architects

Sandro Marpillero and Linda Pollak are both architects, educators, writers and design critics. Their combined experience and design expertise ranges from lighting to landscape architecture to urban design. A number of their essays are required reading for this course.

MP Architects current design projects include the Elmhurst Library Renovation and Expansion, Queens Plaza Public Spaces, New Stapleton Waterfront Park, and Staten Island Children’s Museum Lightweight Structures. Their completed projects have won awards from the AIA, ASLA, HUD and EDRA, and received support from the NEA, NYSCA and the Design Trust for Public Space.

See www.newyork-architects.com/mparchitects
[Be sure to click on the link under the "CITY" icon]

Sandro Marpillero, AIA, OdF
Marpillero began his architectural career in Italy in 1980. He later served as an Associate of a medium-size corporate firm; as president of a seven-person New York-based design company; and founder of an independent practice in 1990. In 1998, he and Pollak founded MPA. Within their design practice Marpillero contributes expertise in urban design and planning. Outside of the office, he is an Adjunct Associate Professor of Architecture and Urban Design, Columbia University, where he has taught in the MSAUD program since 1994. He has also taught at Harvard, Princeton, Yale, University of Venice, University of Toronto, and the University of Pennsylvania. In addition to being a contributor to LOTUS INTERNATIONAL and DIADALOS, he has served on their Board of Contributors and Editorial Board respectively. Marpillero is a graduate of the University of Venice and Columbia University.

Linda Pollak, AIA, ASLA Associate
Since the beginning of her design career, Pollak has sought to merge architectural and landscape architectural practices in theory and in built work. She is the co-author, with Anita Berrizbeitia, of INSIDE OUTSIDE: BETWEEN ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE, which received a 2002 ASLA Award and is now in its second printing. Her essays on architecture and urban landscape have appeared in PRAXIS, DIADALOS, LOTUS INTERNATIONAL, PUBLIC ART ISSUES, and APPENDX, and in the book CASE: DOWNSVIEW. She is Vice President of the Board of Directors of the Storefront for Art and Architecture, on the Peer Review Board of the NYC Department of Design and Construction Design Excellence Program, and has served on the Editorial Board of DIADALOS and HARVARD ARCHITECTURE REVIEW, and been Project Editor for ASSEMBLAGE. Pollak taught the Harvard University Graduate School of Design from 1992-2004. She was the winner of the 2003-4 Arthur W. Brunner Rome Prize, as well as grants from the New York Foundation for the Arts, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the Graham Foundation.

Sandro Marpillero's essay "Apparatus v. Object," in CONSTELLATIONS: CONSTRUCTING URBAN DESIGN PRACTICES (2007), discusses MPA's urban design project for Queens Plaza, and is required reading for this course.

Linda Pollak's forthcoming essay "Matrix Landscape: Construction of Identity in the Large Park" is attached above (see symposium references). It is an excellent analysis of Field Operation's Fresh Kill Park plan which, as a case study, offers many ideas applicable to urban design (or landscape urbanism) and your immediate work in this studio.

Urban Design Symposium, Mon. June 18, 2:00 pm


Robert Lane
Director of Regional Design Programs, Regional Planning Association

Alex Washburn
Director of Urban Design, New York Department of City Planning

Kate Ascher
Director of Public Sector Development, Vornado Realty Trust;
Author of THE WORKS: Anatomy of a City (2005)

Sandro Marpillero and Linda Pollak
MPArchitects, New York City

Moderator: Peter Laurence


2:00 - 3:30 Brief introductions and short presentations
3:30 - 5:00 Roundtable, questions, and concluding remarks

Monday, June 11, 2007

Lecture: June 13

A History of Urban Design and the Controversial Work of City-Making in New York City
Peter L. Laurence, Adjunct Assistant Professor GSAPP

June 13, 12:30 -1:30
Avery Hall, Room 114

Sunday, June 10, 2007

Representing "What If": New York City in 90 Years

This image has an iconic power similar to the description of the "H20 Highlands to Oceans Map" by Milton Glaser in Tony Hiss' article (Constellations, p. 31). For the accompanying article, see http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2006/05/warming200605. Image credit, J. Blackford & C. Davidson, Vanity Fair, May 2006.

Friday, June 08, 2007

Performative Map Precedents - Map Conventions

Maps use cartographic conventions to carry information, including: orientation, scale, common representational techniques. A Performative Map manipulates those conventions to make other relationships visible. Such as changing scales, or representing different types of information on the same map.

Performative Map Precedents - Map Keys

Maps use keys as a visual shorthand to reference other types of information about specific locations. A Performative Map may use a key to describe operations that effect a particular location or use photographs to key experiences to place.

Performative Map Precedents - Map Properties

Maps are two dimensional artifacts with a front and a back, that unfold and collapse. A Performative Map exploits those properties as descriptive and representational tools. Using folding to reveal things "inside" the map, enfolding different kinds of information or unfolding elements across different dimensions.

Monday, June 04, 2007

Lecture: June 6

Constructing Urban Sites, Andrea Kahn
Adjunct Associate Professor, GSAPP
June 6, 12:30 -1:30
Avery Hall, Room 114

1.1 Student List by Study Area

Clinton West
Charles Chiang
Gabriella Folino
Hsiang "Jane" Kao
You Jung Kim
Juan Mansylla
Jugal Mistri
Jiho Park
I-Chun "Lisa" Tsai
Elena Vanz

Hunters Point
Lee Altman
Asis Ammarapala
Joseph "Hite" Billes
Hosung "Joe" Chun
Alexandra Gonzalez
Hui-Rung Huang
Jungku Kang
Hoonsuk Lee
Yang Liu
Kevin Wei

Francisca Brosa Lohse
Zhiying Chen
Zivya Frieder
Richard Gonzalez
Saman Jamal
Bing-chi Sung
Yuka Terada
James "Matt" Thomas
Rei Yukino
Chen-Cheng Chou

Manuel Avila
Aditya Chauhan
Aasia Muneer
Dae Hwan "Leo" Chung
Hsueh-Hsien Hsieh
Gwen Kranzle
Yakima Pena
Patricia "Trish" Sabater
Mehuli Shah
Le Zhou

Friday, June 01, 2007

Studio Weblog

Photobucket - Video and Image Hosting
The Studio is a collaborative endeavor that engages students, professors, critics and other visitors. The studio-wide weblog (or "blog") will contain studio briefs, annotated examples of past student work and other resources. This collection of materials (1) will serve as a resource for you and your peers, (2) be used for graphic design discussions outside of studio hours, (3) permit visiting critics to preview the broader context of the studio's efforts.

0.0 Resources

A digital copy of The Studio Introduction you received on the first day is available for your reference.

The Resource_Bibliography is a
bibliography of print and web-based references.

1.0 Resources

The First Brief is available here for your reference.